The Journal of American College of Cardiology has published a study indicating that small changes to every day health has the potential to reduce the risk of heart attack in men by up to 80 percent. The study included 20,721 healthy Swedish men ages 45-79 who were observed over an 11 year period.
Results showed that men with the lowest risk were non-smokers who regularly walked or cycled for at least 40 minutes each day, exercised a minimum of one hour per week, had a waist circumference below 95 cm, and consumed moderate amounts of alcohol. These men also generally adhered to a healthy eating plan. Men who followed a low-risk diet and moderately consumed alcohol had a 35 percent lesser risk of heart attack than their high risk counterparts who practiced none of the low-risk factors listed above. In addition, men who also followed the low risk diet, as well as cut back on alcohol consumption, were physically active and stopped smoking had a 86 percent lower risk than the high risk group.
Lead author of the study, Agneta Akesson, professor at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, says,
It is not surprising that healthy lifestyle choices would lead to a reduction in heart attacks. What is surprising is how drastically the risk dropped due to these factors.”
Furthermore, the professor suggests,
It is important to note that these lifestyle behaviours are modifiable, and changing from high-risk to low-risk behaviours can have great impact on cardiovascular health. However, the best thing one can do is to adopt healthy lifestyle choices early in life.”
According to the American Heart Association, heart disease refers to the factors involved in the buildup of plague in the walls of the arteries. Want to know your risk of a heart attack? Click here.
Read more here- “The Key to Lower Risk of Heart Attack in Men,” (NDTV Cooks)